Reducing the extent of facetectomy may decrease morbidity in failed back surgery syndrome.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2019 Aug 09;20(1):369
Authors: Li J, Zhang X, Xu W, Xi Z, Xie L
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) is widely used for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Facetectomy in PTED is necessary for accessing the intraspinal region and for decompressing the exiting nerve roots in patients who suffer from hypertrophy of the facet joints. However, this may increase morbidity in failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) and has not been clearly elucidated.
METHODS: A three-dimensional lumbosacral model was reconstructed and validated. And corresponding models after PTED with one-quarter and one-half excisions of the superior articular process were reconstructed. The maximum shear stress on the annulus in L5, von Mises stress of the facet cartilage, maximum principle capsular strain and deformation of the lumbosacral model were calculated using finite element methods.
RESULTS: Calculated results show no significant differences in the complete model and the model with one-quarter excision of the superior articular process, but all biomechanical indexes have been deteriorated under most of the loading conditions tested in the model with one-half excision of the superior articular process.
CONCLUSIONS: Less facetectomy is better because it may reduce the risk of biomechanical deterioration and consequently, that of FBSS.
PMID: 31399086 [PubMed – in process]